At a meeting of the asset of water transport workers, held in March 1954, it was pointed out that the naval fleet is not struggling to mobilize the reserves of the transport capacity of the transport fleet, which is crucial to improving the use of ships and ports by increasing the level of organizational work in maritime transport.
The existing system of organizing the movement of the fleet, in which the method of administrative management of its work prevails, does not provide the necessary improvement in the use of ships, and in reducing the cost of transportation.
Although the productivity of the dry cargo fleet is systematically increasing, this is achieved mainly by increasing the net freight rate and some improvement in the quality of the fleet, but not by using the most important reserve of the fleet's carrying capacity, which consists in reducing unproductive ship parking in ports ( waiting for berths, cargoes, boats, etc.). This is confirmed by the following figures.
With an increase in the productivity of the dry cargo fleet in 1953 by 3.6% against 1952, the share of downtime in the total parking time not only did not decrease, but, on the contrary, increased from 22% in 1952 to 22.8% in 1953 Downtime in the dry cargo fleet in 1953 amounted to 12.5% of the operating period (against 11.5% in 1952), and in the Northern Shipping Company they amounted to 16%, in the Far East and Sakhalin - 17%, in Kamchatka Chukchi - 29%. In the majority of shipping companies, the use of the fleet did not improve over time in 1954. Over the 9 months of 1954, unproductive parking facilities accounted for 6.7% of the operational period for the Baltic Shipping Company versus 6% in 1953; in the Black Sea - 6.2 against 5.9%; in the Caspian shipping company - 12.5 against 12.4%.
More than half the loss of operating time occurs due to downtime in anticipation of the berths and the queue for processing. So, for example, according to the results of the fleet's work for 9 months of 1954, downtime for this reason accounts for 48.5% in the Black Sea shipping company, 50.2% in the Caspian, 53% in the Far East and in the Baltic downtime. These downtimes in most cases are caused not by the limited capacity of the mooring front, but by its poor use due to the uneven supply of ships to the ports, the lack of proper coordination of ship schedules with the plan for their processing at the ports. Unequal supply of vessels leads to the fact that the mooring front, mechanization and other elements of throughput are used unsatisfactorily, the rhythmic operation of ports is disrupted.
A major drawback in the operation of maritime transport is the lack of proper coordination of traffic schedules for all vessels operating in this basin (regardless of their owner). Vessels of organizations that are not part of the Ministry of the Navy's system, as a rule, are not taken into account in advance in the schedule for loading ports. These organizations, as well as charterers of foreign tonnage, are not subject to strict requirements to comply with the established procedure for information on the direction of ships to ports. The unsystematic filing of these vessels knocks out vessels arriving on schedule from the schedule. Побеждайте в еженедельных турнирах и лотереях с разнообразными призовыми фондами от 100 000 рублей до 3 000 000 рублей в щедром и богатом казино Фурор не откладывая на потом! Помимо этих акций и событий в данном игорном заведении можно сорвать в любой момент куш, выиграв крупный джекпот, который растет каждый день, как на дрожжах! Размер его на данный момент превышает 5 000 000 рублей! Испытайте свою удачу прямо сейчас!